30 Antidotes For Your Most Common Medicines: You Never Know When Emeregencies Happen!!

Many pharmacist can go through some emergency drug poisoning. Knowing certain antidotes for some famous medications might be a life saver, An antidote is a substance that can counteract a form of poisoning.

The term antidote is a Greek word meaning “given against”. This post will help you familiarize with the common antidotes that are used in the hospital setting. The following are antidotes that should be familiarized by the pharmacist to respond to this emergency situation quickly.

No. Drugs Antidote
01 Acetaminophen Acetylceistine or Mucomyst
02 Anticholinesterase Atropine or Pralidoxime
03 Anticholinergics, diphenhydramine, dimenhydrinate Physostigmine
04 Antifreeze Fomepizole, Ethanol
05 BenzodiazepinesZaleplonZolpidem Romazicon (flumazenil)
06 Beta-Blocking AgentsCalcium channel blockersHypoglycemiaHypoglycemic agents Glucagon, Epinephrine
07 Calcium Channel Blockers Calcium Chloride, Glucagon
08 Coumadin Phytonadione or Vitamin K
09 Cyanide amyl nitrite, sodium nitrite, sodium thiosulfate
10 Cyclophosphamide mesna
11 Digoxin Digibind or Digoxin Immune Fab
13 Heroin Naloxone (Narcan) or Nalmefene
14 Iron Deferoxamine
15 Heparin Protamine Sulfate
16 Lead EDTA, dimercaprol, succimer
18 Methotrexate Leucovorin calcium
19 Potassium Insulin + Glucose, Kayexalate
20 Methanol Folic acid
21 Valproic acid L-Carnitine
22 Sulfonylureas Octreotide (Sandostatin )
23 Isoniazid, ethylene glycol Pyridoxine HCl (Vitamin B6)
24 Sodium channel blockers (e.g. cyclic antidepressants), salicylates Sodium Bicarbonate
25 Ethylene glycol Thiamine
26 Calcium channel blockersFluoride salts (e.g., NaF)Hydrofluoric acid (HF)Hyperkalemia (not digoxin-induced)


Calcium chloride andCalcium gluconate
27   Ethylene glycolMethanol Ethanol
28 Alpha  agonists (e.g., clonidine), Opioids (e.g., codeine, diphenoxylate, fentanyl, heroin, meperidine, morphine and propoxyphene) Naloxone
29 Arsenic,  Copper,  Lead,  Mercury D-Penicillamine (Cuprimine )
30 Local anesthetics and possibly othercardiac toxins (e.g., bupropion, calciumchannel blockers, cocaine, beta blockers, tricyclic antidepressants) Fat emulsion (Intralipid , Liposyn II , Liposyn III )

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